EFT shares constructs and strategies with cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) such as exposure, desensitisation, and cognitive reframing.
Procedurally it is very similar to EMDR (Eye movement Desensitization and Reprocessing), a therapy also developed within a cognitive-behavioural framework.
EFT incorporates aspects of acupressure, talk therapy and modern psycho-therapeutic tools like NLP (Neuro Linguistic Programming). The affirmations used in EFT are derived from NLP. The eye movements in the 9-Gamut procedure are similar to those used in EMDR.
EFT also includes statements on self-acceptance – in therapy, the way we talk to ourselves is one of the most important tools in changing thought and behaviour patterns.